Journal of Social Research Journal of Social Research International Journal Labs en-US Journal of Social Research 2827-9832 <p><a href="" rel="license"><img src="" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br>This work is licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International.</a></p> <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ul> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a<a href="">&nbsp;Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC-BY-SA).</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.</li> </ul> Implementation, Advantages and Barriers and Legal Protection Against the Use of Electronic Signatures <p>The Government has promulgated Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 11 of 2008 concerning Electronic Information and Transactions as first amended by Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 19 of 2016 concerning Amendments to Law Number 11 of 2008 concerning Electronic Information and Transactions and amended again by Law Number 1 of 2024 concerning the Second Amendment to Law Number 11 of 2008 concerning Electronic Information and Transactions; and The government has also made derivative regulations in the form of Government Regulation Number 71 of 2019 concerning the Implementation of Electronic Systems and Transactions. Currently, the Government through the Ministry of Communication and Information Technology has also granted permission to agencies or legal entities authorized as Electronic Certification Providers (PSrE) that provide electronic certificate and electronic signature services. However, the fact is that today people still rarely or do not know how to use electronic signatures or electronic transactions in every agreement. Often people also do not know about the difference between electronic signatures or signature scans. People today also still doubt the legal consequences and legal risks that occur if electronic transactions and/or electronic documents are signed through electronic signatures. With the existing facilities and infrastructure made by the current government, people should be able to use electronic signatures in electronic transactions, both in buying and selling transactions, accounts receivable or the implementation of other agreements that are often carried out in the community. Therefore, this study aims to discuss and elaborate the implementation of provisions regarding the use of Electronic Signatures in electronic transactions and electronic contracts and also to provide an understanding of legal protection to facilitate and convince the public to be able to carry out transactions and agreements electronically.</p> Muhammad Nova Haikal Siti Mahmudah Copyright (c) 2024 Muhammad Nova Haikal, Siti Mahmudah 2024-05-25 2024-05-25 3 6 1179 1195 10.55324/josr.v3i6.2067 The Role Of Organizational Commitment In Mediating The Influence Of Transformational Leadership And Organizational Culture On Employee Performance <p>This study aims to examine and analyze the influence of: 1) transformational leadership on organizational commitment, 2) organizational culture on organizational commitment, 3) transformational leadership on performance, 4) organizational culture on performance, 5) organizational commitment on performance, 6) transformational leadership on employee performance through organizational commitment, 7) organizational culture on employee performance through organizational commitment.&nbsp; This research uses an explanatory research approach, conducted at the SATPOL PP office of Mojokerto Regency. The population amounted to 59 civil servants, then sampled by census techniques.&nbsp; Primary data related to research variables were obtained through questionnaires given directly to respondents<em>.</em> Once the data is collected, it is further analyzed using path analysis. However, previously tests were carried out on validity, reliability and classical assumptions. To test the hypothesis, a t-test with an alpa of 5% is used, and to determine the organizational commitment to act as a mediator, the Sobel test with an alpa of 5% is used. The results of this study prove that: 1) transformational leadership has a significant effect on organizational commitment; 2) organizational culture has a significant effect on organizational commitment; 3) transformational leadership has no effect on employee performance; 4) organizational culture has a significant effect on performance; 5) organizational commitment has no effect on employee performance; 6) organizational commitment does not play a role in mediating the influence of transformational leadership on performance; 7) Organizational commitment plays a role in mediating the influence of organizational culture on performance.</p> Mokhamad Sholihin Endang Suswati Navi Muda Priyatna Copyright (c) 2024 Mokhamad Sholihin, Endang Suswati, Navi Muda Priyatna 2024-05-25 2024-05-25 3 6 1196 1208 10.55324/josr.v3i6.1982 Construction Of Revenue Budget Monitoring Model And Regional Spending Moderated Religiosity <p>This study aims to construct a model of supervision of the Regional Revenue and Expenditure Budget (APBD) consisting of: (1) transparency of public policy affects the supervision of the APBD, (2) public accountability affects the supervision of the APBD, (3) religiosity moderates the transparency of public policy to the supervision of the APBD, (4) religiosity moderates public accountability to the supervision of the APBD. This research was conducted at the Malang City Government DPRD Consultant in 2022. Using explanatory research with a saturated sample technique, as many as 44 council members were obtained, excluding the chairman and researcher. Data related to the research variables were collected through questionnaires given directly to respondents. Furthermore, the data was analyzed by moderation double linear regression. Previously, validity, reliability and classical assumption tests were carried out. The hypothesis was tested using a t-test with a 5% alpa. The results prove that: first, transparency of public policies has a significant positive effect on the supervision of the APBD, second, public accountability has a significant positive effect on the supervision of the APBD, third, religiosity strengthens the influence of public policy transparency on the supervision of the APBD, and fourth, religiosity strengthens the influence of public accountability on the supervision of the APBD.</p> I Made Rian Diana Kartika Dyah Sawitri Umi Muawanah Copyright (c) 2024 I Made Rian Diana Kartika, Dyah Sawitri, Umi Muawanah 2024-05-25 2024-05-25 3 6 1209 1220 Evaluation Of The Field Work Practice Program (Pkl) Using The Discrepancy Evaluation Model (Dem) In The Computer Engineering And Informatics Expertise Program At Smk Negeri 7 Bandar Lampung <p>The 2003 National Education System Law outlines the purpose of national education, emphasizing vocational education as secondary education aimed at preparing students for specific fields of work. However, the COVID-19 pandemic has created challenges in achieving these goals, prompting a need for evaluation and solutions. To address this, a program evaluation is proposed, focusing on analyzing the Industrial Work Program (PKL) in terms of design, implementation, process, and outcomes. The evaluation aims to assess the alignment between program objectives and actual results, considering factors such as program design, HR requirements, implementation scope, street vendors' involvement, and outcomes for schools, students, and industry partners. The Discrepancy Evaluation Model (DEM) by Malcom Provus is chosen for its ability to compare expectations with reality. The evaluation will employ both quantitative and qualitative methods, utilizing questionnaires, observations, interviews, and document analysis. Qualitative data analysis involves activities such as data reduction, display, validation (triangulation), and conclusion drawing, while quantitative analysis utilizes descriptive percentage analysis. The research seeks to generate recommendations that improve education quality and program evaluation practices, particularly in ICT-based competency development during the pandemic transition. By providing a detailed evaluation, the study aims to offer actionable insights for enhancing the PKL program's effectiveness and contributing to educational advancement.</p> Aiza Nabila Hasan Ivan Hanafi Riyadh Riyadh Copyright (c) 2024 Aiza Nabila Hasan, Ivan Hanafi, Riyadh Riyadh 2024-05-25 2024-05-25 3 6 1121 1140 Increasing Student Literacy Abilities Supporting The Internship Program At The Faculty Of Economics, Muhammadiyah University, Semarang <p>This research improved the students' literacy skills based on management and accounting in supporting the internship program at the economic faculty of Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang. The researchers improved literacy skills by preparing, promoting, and evaluating the treatment. The content of management and accountancy covered the managerial system, such as (1) planning, (2) implementing, (3) evaluating, and (4) empowering, starting from the plan, control, evaluation, and decision-making. The subjects consisted of the fifth semesters of the management study program and accountancy study program who joined the Indonesian language course. This descriptive statistic research collected the data from Google Forms. The results showed that planning obtained a percentage of 59.9%, implementation with 57.25%, and evaluation with 62.3%. The results indicated the students’ literacy skills needed improvements.</p> Yustinah Yustinah Faqih Sulthan Copyright (c) 2024 Yustinah Yustinah, Faqih Sulthan 2024-05-25 2024-05-25 3 6 1141 1155 10.55324/josr.v3i6.2089 Juridical Analysis Of Cooperation Between Soes Through Company Formation Join Venture <p>The government continues to strive to optimize the value of SOEs through cooperation between SOEs or with partners. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to find out the legal provisions of cooperation in the establishment <em>&nbsp;of joint venture companies </em>&nbsp;from several SOEs, and to find out the principles and principles of implementing cooperation through the establishment of <em>joint venture companies</em>. This research uses a qualitative prescriptive approach with a Juridical-Normative type of research. The data sources used are secondary data obtained through primary legal materials, secondary legal materials and tertiary legal materials. Data retrieval techniques use literature studies and document studies. The data analysis was carried out in a qualitative descriptive manner. The results of this study found that between SOEs in accordance with the Minister of SOEs Number Per-07 / MBU / 04/2021 concerning Guidelines for Cooperation in State-Owned Enterprises can carry out cooperation through the formation of <em>joint venture companies </em>&nbsp;such as PT Karya Logistik Nusantara (<a href="">KLN)</a> which is a joint venture company of six SOEs. The implementation of cooperation in the form of establishing <em>joint venture</em> companies&nbsp; between SOEs is based on the principles of transparency, independence, accountability, responsibility, expediency, and fairness, and in accordance with the provisions of laws and regulations while the principle adopted is that cooperation is carried out indefinitely by prioritizing synergy between SOEs, between SOE subsidiaries, between BUMN affiliated companies and / or with Investment Management Institutions through direct appointment or direct cooperation by comparing at least two SOEs, subsidiaries, and affiliated companies of SOEs.</p> Yuvanda Hardyan Saputra Siti Mahmudah Copyright (c) 2024 Yuvanda Hardyan Saputra, Siti Mahmudah 2024-05-25 2024-05-25 3 6 1156 1167 10.55324/josr.v3i6.2068